汉语拼音课

对于零基础的小学生,汉语拼音的教学不可一次求多,第一次汉语拼音课我们选取了三个韵母“a,o,e”进行教学。在教学开始之前要给学生介绍一下汉语拼音的含义,就是相当于汉语的字母表,在英文中一个单词由元音和辅音组成,在汉语中,拼音的构成有三部分:声母韵母和声调。声调的概念也要一开始就给学生建立,并在以后学声韵母的过程中不断重复。

上课的步骤先分别介绍3个韵母,再分别介绍4声,在介绍完四声后用动画的形式给学生演示一遍,加深理解,在这里应该注意的是在讲解四声的时候,要求学生用手模仿你的动作,牢记每个声调的走势。

我们可以用每个声调对应的英文字母来帮助学生发音,虽然不是完全对应的,但是可以帮助零基础的学生更好地理解汉语的声调,比如一声对应maybe,二声对应what?,三声对应shall we?四声对应no!在进行练习的时候可以采取老师说英语单词,学生说汉语声调,或者老师说汉语声调,学生说英语单词的形式。

只学拼音是枯燥的,这个时候我们可以设计游戏环节,本课设计了两个游戏,一个是“拍词”,另一个是“苹果树”,在进行拍词游戏的时候老师可制作若干词卡,同时ppt上也显示相应的字母,叫一名学生上来背对着大家,老师领读,其他学生跟读,这位volunteer根据大家的读音判断出是屏幕上的哪个字母,然后拍中。每个学生可进行三个字母,然后换别的学生。

 

该游戏的意义在于让学生通过听力清楚地分辨四声,那么通过这节课的学习学生就能掌握12个字母的发音。第二个游戏是“苹果树”每次会有一颗苹果从树上掉下来,每个苹果代表一个字母,要求学生说出每次掉下的苹果所代表的字母。

30分钟的拼音课进行到这里差不多就结束了,在末尾的时候一定要巩固复习一下本节课所学的内容,包括用手势表示四声的变化。

 

教学反思:拍词卡的游戏进行得很好,但是苹果树的游戏进行的不是很好,原因可能是由于苹果掉落的速度太快学生反应不过来,改进的办法是减慢苹果掉落的速度并减少苹果的数量。

 

 

Chinese PinYin

Chinese Pinyin is like English  Alphabet,there are 26 letters in English, which include consonants  and vowels.For corresponding ,we have three parts of Pinyin, 21shēng mǔ,39yùn mǔ and especially ,we have 4 tones in Chinese language,we call it “shēng diào”。

for this class, we gonna cover 3 letter of  yùn mǔ,”a”,”o”and”e”.and we will also learn to put the four tones on each  letter. The first letter is Chinese alphabet is “a”,when you pronounce this letter,you need to open your mouth widely. the next letter”0″,is just like a roosters crow.and the last letter”e”,is just like the water reflection of goose.(because we call goose “é“in Chinese).and after learned 3 letters,let`s look at the rest:4tones.  the first tone is “level tone”,just like you pronounce  the word”maybe”,the second tone is raising tone,just like  you pronounce the letter “what?”,and the third tone is like you pronounce”shall we?”,the last tone,the fourth tone is just like when you speak”no!”

so we can practice it with gesture,let students use their hand,from left to right,after practicing, we have a small game behind,”pat the letter”,teacher say a letter with tones,student should pat the letter what she heard.and another game is “apple tree”,students should speak out which apple is falling .

so after this class,students learned 3 letters of Chinese Pinyin,and they can finger out  the different  tones.

Advertisements

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s